Laws, legislation, and selling by location

I decided to make this topic as a tool for people looking at their national, state and/or local laws or if they’re thinking about moving and want to check the laws on reptiles in that area. If there are any local laws in a certain state you can add that in the state drop-down. To edit you can either edit the topic or comment info and I can add it. I’m looking for info regarding what reptiles are legal/illegal to keep (whether exotic, venomous, local reptile found in the wild, is a license needed, etc.) and any laws restricting the sale of reptiles and/or licences needed to sell certain reptiles.

Canada
Alberta

Enter laws and legislation here

British Columbia
Vancouver

Native species are illegal including gopher snakes and bullsnakes

Manitoba

Enter laws and legislation here

New Brunswick

Enter laws and legislation here

Newfoundland and Labrador

Enter laws and legislation here

Northwest Territories

Enter laws and legislation here

Nova Scotia

Enter laws and legislation here

Nunavut

Enter laws and legislation here

Ontario
Toronto

All of the following are prohibited:

Alligators, crocodiles, gavials – and other Crocodylia
All snakes that reach an adult length larger than 3 metres (about 9’ 10")
All lizards that reach an adult length larger than 2 metres (about 6’ 7")
All venomous and poisonous animals

Source: https://www.toronto.ca/community-people/animals-pets/pets-in-the-city/prohibited-animals/

Prince Edward Island

Enter laws and legislation here

Quebec

Enter laws and legislation here

Saskatchewan

Enter laws and legislation here

Yukon

Enter laws and legislation here

USA
Alabama

All Tegus, Retics, (including super dwarf) ,most other giant snakes are prohibited. Law went into effect last year. All venomous snakes not native to the State, with the exception of hognose snakes, are banned. A free permit to keep current pets was due by Jan 2021 the permit does not allow breeding, selling instate, or replacing a deceased animal. The permit has to be updated every October with an inventory and detailed explanation of what happened to any missing animals.
the permit requires the animals to be pit tagged and gives the state the right to conduct inspections . (this is not a complete list, just the ones that I know about, needs further updating.)

Alaska

Enter laws and legislation here

Arizona

Enter laws and legislation here

Arkansas

Enter laws and legislation here

California

Details of amphibian and reptiles species not allowed to be kept/sold in CA without a permit…and such permits are not issued for pets:
CA - Exotic pets - § 671. Importation, Transportation and Possession of Live Restricted Animals | Animal Legal & Historical Center


Details what is allowed regarding the collecting of native reptiles and amphibians in California:
California Laws Regarding Reptiles and Amphibians

Colorado

Enter laws and legislation here

Connecticut

Enter laws and legislation here

Delaware

Enter laws and legislation here

District of Columbia

Enter laws and legislation here

Florida

Enter laws and legislation here

Georgia

Exotic animals ban list, including all crocodilians
Wild Animals/Exotics | Department Of Natural Resources Division

Hawaii

Enter laws and legislation here

Idaho

Enter laws and legislation here

Illinois

Enter laws and legislation here

Indiana

Enter laws and legislation here

Iowa

Enter laws and legislation here

Kansas

Enter laws and legislation here

Kentucky

Enter laws and legislation here

Lousiana

Enter laws and legislation here

Maine

Enter laws and legislation here

Maryland

Enter laws and legislation here

Massachusetts

Enter laws and legislation here

Michigan
Regulations on keeping reptiles

I can’t find anything, it seems as if there aren’t any restrictions, someone can update this if they find anything

Regulations on taking wildlife

Taking reptiles and amphibians for personal use requires a fishing license. BANS taking herp for commercial purposes. BANS taking, possessing, buying and selling the following herp from the wild except by permit for scientific research, conservation, or educational purposes: Eastern massasauga, queen snake, blanding’s turtle, wood turtle, Eastern box turtle, grey rat snake except common albino colors, boreal chorus frog, Western lesser siren, mudpuppy, fowler’s toad, pickerel frog, Butler’s garter snake, smooth green snake. BANS taking and possessing wild-caught threatened and endangered species (includes Kirtland’s snake, copper-bellied water snake, Eastern fox snake, six-lined racerunner, spotted turtle, marbled salamander, small-mouth salamander, and Blanchard’s cricket frog) except by permit for scientific research, conservation, or educational purposes. Allows taking other native herp as follows: 10/day and possess 10 frogs, toads and salamanders, 2/day (1/species) and possess 4 (2/species) snapping and softshell turtles (snapping turtles must be 13”), 3/day (limit 2 turtles and 1/species) and possess 6 (limit 4 turtles and 4/species) of all other turtles, snakes and lizards.
Source: Michigan Exotic Animal Laws

Minnesota

Enter laws and legislation here

Mississippi

Enter laws and legislation here

Missouri

Enter laws and legislation here

Montana

Enter laws and legislation here

Nebraska

Enter laws and legislation here

Nevada

Enter laws and legislation here

New Hampshire

Enter laws and legislation here

New Jersey

Enter laws and legislation here

New Mexico

Enter laws and legislation here

New York

All reptiles that are venomous by nature, pursuant to department regulation, and the

following species and orders: Burmese Python (Python m. bivittatus), Reticulated Python

(Python reticulatus), African Rock Python (Python sabae), Green Anaconda (Eunectes

maurinus), Yellow Anaconda (Eunectes notaeus), Australian Amethystine Python (Morelia

amethistina and Morelia kinghorni), Indian Python (Python molurus), Asiatic (water) Monitor

(Varanus salvator), Nile Monitor (Varanus nilocitus), White Throat Monitor (Varanus

albigularis), Black Throat Monitor (Varanus albigularis ionides) and Crocodile Monitor

(Varanus salvadori), Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodensis) and any hybrid thereof,

AND

(6) All Crocodylia.

Under the current regulation above, “No person shall knowingly possess, harbor, sell, barter, transfer, exchange or import any wild

animal for use as a pet in New York state,” unless they are properly licensed by the DEC.

Page 2: https://www1.nyc.gov/assets/doh/downloads/pdf/about/healthcode/health-code-article161.pdf

Page 3: http://nytts.org/nytts/NYS_and_Federal_Statutes_Applicable_to_Reptiles_and_Amphibians.pdf

New York state proposed regulation changes | USARK - United States Association of Reptile Keepers

North Carolina

Enter laws and legislation here

North Dakota

Enter laws and legislation here

Ohio

All of the following are illegal to keep, buy, sell, or breed:
Komodo dragons
Alligators
Crocodiles
Caiman excluding dwarf caiman

All of the following snakes that are twelve feet or longer: (I assume this means you can keep these species as long as they don’t grow twelve feet or longer)

Green anacondas
Yellow anacondas
Reticulated pythons
Indian pythons
Burmese pythons
North African rock pythons
South African rock pythons
Amethystine pythons

Species of the following families:

Atractaspididae
Elapidae
Viperidae
Boomslang snakes;
Twig snakes.

Source: http://codes.ohio.gov/orc/935

Oklahoma

Enter laws and legislation here

Oregon

Enter laws and legislation here

Pennsylvania

Enter laws and legislation here

Rhode Island

Enter laws and legislation here

South Carolina

Enter laws and legislation here

South Dakota

Enter laws and legislation here

Tennessee

Enter laws and legislation here

Texas

Texas turtle laws:
Texas Turtle Laws Explained – TurtleOwner.com

Utah

Enter laws and legislation here

Vermont

Enter laws and legislation here

Virginia

See source below for detailed regulations by location.
Virginia Herp Regulations

Washington

Enter laws and legislation here

West Virginia

Enter laws and legislation here

Wisconsin

Enter laws and legislation here

Wyoming

Enter laws and legislation here

Europe

Adding Cities

Albania

Enter laws and legislation here

Andorra

Enter laws and legislation here

Armenia

Enter laws and legislation here

Austria

Enter laws and legislation here

Azerbaijan

Enter laws and legislation here

Belarus

Enter laws and legislation here

Belgium

Enter laws and legislation here

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Enter laws and legislation here

Bulgaria

Enter laws and legislation here

Croatia

Enter laws and legislation here

Cyprus

Enter laws and legislation here

Czechia

Enter laws and legislation here

Denmark

Enter laws and legislation here

Estonia

Enter laws and legislation here

Finland

Enter laws and legislation here

France

Enter laws and legislation here

Georgia

Enter laws and legislation here

Germany

Enter laws and legislation here

Greece

Enter laws and legislation here

Hungary

Enter laws and legislation here

Iceland

Enter laws and legislation here

Ireland

Enter laws and legislation here

Italy

Enter laws and legislation here

Kazakhstan

Enter laws and legislation here

Kosovo

Enter laws and legislation here

Latvia

Enter laws and legislation here

Liechtenstein

Enter laws and legislation here

Lithuania

Enter laws and legislation here

Luxembourg

Enter laws and legislation here

Malta

Enter laws and legislation here

Moldova

Enter laws and legislation here

Monaco

Enter laws and legislation here

Montenegro

Enter laws and legislation here

Netherlands

Enter laws and legislation here

Enter laws and legislation here

North Macedonia

Enter laws and legislation here

Norway

Enter laws and legislation here

Poland

Enter laws and legislation here

Portugal

Enter laws and legislation here

Romania

Enter laws and legislation here

Russia

Enter laws and legislation here

San Marino

Enter laws and legislation here

Serbia

Enter laws and legislation here

Slovakia

Enter laws and legislation here

Slovenia

Enter laws and legislation here

Spain

Enter laws and legislation here

Sweden

Enter laws and legislation here

Switzerland

Enter laws and legislation here

Turkey

Enter laws and legislation here

Ukraine

Enter laws and legislation here

United Kingdom
England

All reptiles are protected under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 (as amended), which makes it an offence to intentionally (or recklessly, in Scottish law ) kill or injure a reptile . Breaching these laws can result in fines up to £5000 per offence and/or a prison sentence.

Mitigation licence for smooth snakes and sand lizards:
Smooth snakes and sand lizards: apply for a mitigation licence (A46) - GOV.UK

Possess or sell smooth snakes and sand lizards:

Survey or research smooth snakes and sand lizards

Other licences

Scotland

Enter laws and legislation here

Wales

Enter laws and legislation here

Northern Ireland

Enter laws and legislation here

5 Likes

Done! :metal:
Also added some countries/states.

Love this idea.

3 Likes

I’d love if someone could explain the laws about owning and possessing a Retic in the state of Florida. @erie-herps this is a wonderful topic, I believe that it much needed.

2 Likes

@eaglereptiles: Thanks for making it a wiki
@lumpy: Thank you, I had thought about making this for a while and I hope this will help some people, below are a few things I’ve found about keeping Retics in Florida, I’m not totally sure about any of it so keep that in mind as you read it.
According to the sites below it looks as if they’re illegal to keep as pets aside from educational purposes.
Until you have professional advice or can find more details on this on an official site then I’d play it safe and not possess one, you could go to expos in Florida and if anyone has retics for sale you could inquire about keeping them. These websites don’t go into much detail on the bill so it looks like they’re illegal to possess, the websites don’t mention any way around it. The actual bills might have more details about exceptions like education, permits, wild-caught, etc.


https://ufwildlife.ifas.ufl.edu/invaderupdater/legislation.shtml
1 Like

Here in Toronto Ontario Canada where Im at anything venomous no matter how mild including Tarantulas and such is forbidden (although I dunno about say hognoses or something like that although something like a FWC is prob not allowed) and with herps size plays a role on if its allowed or not. Lizards cant be more than 2 M (6’8" or so) max adult size and with snakes the max size allowed is 3 M (about 10 ft). Any lizard or snake over these parameters is forbidden even if non venomous under city animal bylaw (I plan to try to have this changed once covid dies down)

2 Likes

@beast-blade-wolf_987: I added it under Ontario, from what I’ve found it looks like everything venomous or poisonous is prohibited.

1 Like

Yep unfortunately. Im fine with the serious stuff like vipers, elapids and powerfully venomous inverts staying off-limits but more “tame” stuff like hognoses, FWCs, most Ts, things like that I hope to see earn their place in the future in the hands of responsible owners who do their homework and have a decent respect for such creatures. Venom isnt something to be feared its to be respected. After all its nothing more than just another of natures tools that some species get to possess…no different then a porcupine’s quills or the talons of a bird of prey.

Anyone have any idea on permits/restrictions for breeding and selling reptiles in NC?

Your best bet is to contact the local USFW and talk with them, they would have the most current information

4 Likes